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Recode from 2019 to 2020 municipality standard

The municipal divisions change frequently in Norway, and especially at the turn of the year to 2020, most municipalities received new municipality numbers at the same time as the county divisions were changed. When you want to produce consistent regional statistics over time, such changes in the codes become a challenge.

The analysis example below recodes the municipal and county codes from the 2019 standard to the 2020 standard. This makes it possible to create consistent statistics on places of residence before and after 2020.

There have also been changes to the municipal codes in the past, but these are of a far smaller extent than was the case for 2020 and can simply be recoded manually using the commands replace or recode.

Due to the extent of the changes in the municipal codes, the script below is based on the built-in functionality for automatic recodings, which you can read about here: https://microdata.no/manual/en/brukermanual/Tilrettelegging%20av%20variabler/3.2.1%20Automatisk%20omkoding%20ved%20hjelp%20av%20opplasting%20av%20skilletegnseparerte%20filer

Basically, the recoding tool is used to upload finished recoding tables (correspondence tables) which can be found, among other things, at Statistics Norways's webpage (https://www.ssb.no/en/klass/). But you can also create your own recodings as is done here. The procedure is as follows:

  • You set up a spreadsheet with four columns: From code, from label, to code, to label. Then you enter corresponding codes with associated labels. You can also download such spreadsheets from various sources. In this case, the Norwegian Map Agency is used as the source (https://www.kartverket.no/til-lands/kommunereform/tekniske-endringer-ved-sammenslaing-og-grensejustering/komendr2020).

  • The spreadsheet with the four columns must be processed a little (text format, uppercase -> lowercase, and only a row with a column header at the top) and then the file is saved as a semi-column separated csv file

  • In the tool, you can easily upload this file as is done in the script below

 //Connecting to the database
require no.ssb.fdb:25 as db

//Importing registered residence as of 1/1 2019 and 2020 for everyone with a permanent residence as of 1/1 2019
create-dataset population
import db/BEFOLKNING_KOMMNR_FORMELL 2019-01-01 as municipality19
import db/BEFOLKNING_KOMMNR_FORMELL 2020-01-01 as municipality20

generate county19 = substr(municipality19,1,2)
generate county20 = substr(municipality20,1,2)

define-labels county19lbl '01' Østfold '02' Akershus '03' Oslo '04' Hedmark '05' Oppland '06' Buskerud '07' Vestfold '08' Telemark '09' 'Aust-Agder' '10' 'Vest-Agder' '11' Rogaland '12' Hordaland '14' 'Sogn og Fjordane' '15' 'Møre og Romsdal' '18' Nordland '19' Troms '20' Finnmark '50' Trøndelag

define-labels county20lbl '03' Oslo '11' Rogaland '15' 'Møre og Romsdal' '18' Nordland '30' Viken '34' Innlandet '38' 'Vestfold og Telemark' '42' Agder '46' Vestland '50' Trøndelag '54' 'Troms og Finnmark'

assign-labels county19 county19lbl
assign-labels county20 county20lbl

//Displaying residential municipalities and counties for the entire population as of 1/1 2019, and county as of 1/1 2020
tabulate municipality19, missing
tabulate county19, missing
tabulate county20, missing

//Cloning the municipality variable for 2019 - this is then converted to a numeric value so we can run an automatic recoding from 2019 to 2020 municipality division. This can be done using the built-in recoding tool in microdata.no.
clone-variables municipality19 -> municipality19_20standard
destring municipality19_20standard, force

//Generated recode from municipality changes 2019-2020 with correct formats.csv fr. October 27, 2023 11:50:07
//The command must be divided up due to the length of the arguments
recode municipality19_20standard (0101 = 3001 'Halden') (0104 = 3002 'Moss') (0105 = 3003 'Sarpsborg') (0106 = 3004 'Fredrikstad') (0111 = 3011 'Hvaler') (0118 = 3012 'Aremark') (0119 = 3013 'Marker') (0121 = 3026 'Aurskog-Høland') (0122 = 3014 'Indre Østfold') (0123 = 3014 'Indre Østfold') (0124 = 3014 'Indre Østfold') (0125 = 3014 'Indre Østfold') (0127 = 3015 'Skiptvet') (0128 = 3016 'Rakkestad') (0135 = 3017 'Råde') (0136 = 3002 'Moss') (0137 = 3018 'Våler (Viken)') (0138 = 3014 'Indre Østfold') (0211 = 3019 'Vestby') (0213 = 3020 'Nordre Follo') (0214 = 3021 'Ås') (0215 = 3022 'Frogn') (0216 = 3023 'Nesodden') (0217 = 3020 'Nordre Follo') (0219 = 3024 'Bærum') (0220 = 3025 'Asker') (0221 = 3026 'Aurskog-Høland') (0226 = 3030 'Lillestrøm') (0227 = 3030 'Lillestrøm') (0228 = 3027 'Rælingen') (0229 = 3028 'Enebakk') (0230 = 3029 'Lørenskog') (0231 = 3030 'Lillestrøm') (0233 = 3031 'Nittedal') (0234 = 3032 'Gjerdrum') (0235 = 3033 'Ullensaker') (0236 = 3034 'Nes') (0237 = 3035 'Eidsvoll') (0238 = 3036 'Nannestad') (0239 = 3037 'Hurdal') (0301 = 0301 'Oslo') (0402 = 3401 'Kongsvinger') (0403 = 3403 'Hamar') (0412 = 3411 'Ringsaker') (0415 = 3412 'Løten') (0417 = 3413 'Stange') (0418 = 3414 'Nord-Odal') (0419 = 3415 'Sør-Odal') (0420 = 3416 'Eidskog') (0423 = 3417 'Grue') (0425 = 3418 'Åsnes') (0426 = 3419 'Våler (Innlandet)') (0427 = 3420 'Elverum') (0428 = 3421 'Trysil') (0429 = 3422 'Åmot') (0430 = 3423 'Stor-Elvdal') (0432 = 3424 'Rendalen') (0434 = 3425 'Engerdal') (0436 = 3426 'Tolga') (0437 = 3427 'Tynset') (0438 = 3428 'Alvdal') (0439 = 3429 'Folldal') (0441 = 3430 'Os (Innlandet)') (0501 = 3405 'Lillehammer') (0502 = 3407 'Gjøvik') (0511 = 3431 'Dovre') (0512 = 3432 'Lesja') (0513 = 3433 'Skjåk') (0514 = 3434 'Lom') (0515 = 3435 'Vågå') (0516 = 3436 'Nord-Fron') (0517 = 3437 'Sel') (0519 = 3438 'Sør-Fron') (0520 = 3439 'Ringebu') (0521 = 3440 'Øyer') (0522 = 3441 'Gausdal') (0528 = 3442 'Østre Toten') (0529 = 3443 'Vestre Toten') (0532 = 3053 'Jevnaker') (0533 = 3054 'Lunner') (0534 = 3446 'Gran') (0536 = 3447 'Søndre Land') (0538 = 3448 'Nordre Land') (0540 = 3449 'Sør-Aurdal') (0541 = 3450 'Etnedal') (0542 = 3451 'Nord-Aurdal') (0543 = 3452 'Vestre Slidre') (0544 = 3453 'Øystre Slidre') (0545 = 3454 'Vang') (0602 = 3005 'Drammen') (0604 = 3006 'Kongsberg') (0605 = 3007 'Ringerike') (0612 = 3038 'Hole') (0615 = 3039 'Flå') (0616 = 3040 'Nesbyen') (0617 = 3041 'Gol') (0618 = 3042 'Hemsedal') (0619 = 3043 'Ål') (0620 = 3044 'Hol') (0621 = 3045 'Sigdal') (0622 = 3046 'Krødsherad') (0623 = 3047 'Modum') (0624 = 3048 'Øvre Eiker') (0625 = 3005 'Drammen') (0626 = 3049 'Lier') (0627 = 3025 'Asker') (0628 = 3025 'Asker') (0631 = 3050 'Flesberg') (0632 = 3051 'Rollag') (0633 = 3052 'Nore Og Uvdal') (0701 = 3801 'Horten') (0704 = 3803 'Tønsberg') (0710 = 3804 'Sandefjord') (0711 = 3005 'Drammen') (0712 = 3805 'Larvik') (0713 = 3802 'Holmestrand') (0715 = 3802 'Holmestrand') (0716 = 3803 'Tønsberg') (0729 = 3811 'Færder') (0805 = 3806 'Porsgrunn') (0806 = 3807 'Skien') (0807 = 3808 'Notodden') (0811 = 3812 'Siljan') (0814 = 3813 'Bamble') (0815 = 3814 'Kragerø') (0817 = 3815 'Drangedal') (0819 = 3816 'Nome') (0821 = 3817 'Midt-Telemark') (0822 = 3817 'Midt-Telemark') (0826 = 3818 'Tinn') (0827 = 3819 'Hjartdal') (0828 = 3820 'Seljord') (0829 = 3821 'Kviteseid') (0830 = 3822 'Nissedal') (0831 = 3823 'Fyresdal') (0833 = 3824 'Tokke') (0834 = 3825 'Vinje') (0901 = 4201 'Risør') (0904 = 4202 'Grimstad') (0906 = 4203 'Arendal') (0911 = 4211 'Gjerstad') (0912 = 4212 'Vegårshei') (0914 = 4213 'Tvedestrand') (0919 = 4214 'Froland') (0926 = 4215 'Lillesand') (0928 = 4216 'Birkenes') (0929 = 4217 'Åmli') (0935 = 4218 'Iveland') (0937 = 4219 'Evje Og Hornnes') (0938 = 4220 'Bygland') (0940 = 4221 'Valle') (0941 = 4222 'Bykle') (1001 = 4204 'Kristiansand') (1002 = 4205 'Lindesnes') (1003 = 4206 'Farsund') (1004 = 4207 'Flekkefjord') (1014 = 4223 'Vennesla') (1017 = 4204 'Kristiansand') (1018 = 4204 'Kristiansand') (1021 = 4205 'Lindesnes') (1026 = 4224 'Åseral') (1027 = 4225 'Lyngdal') (1029 = 4205 'Lindesnes') (1032 = 4225 'Lyngdal') (1034 = 4226 'Hægebostad') (1037 = 4227 'Kvinesdal') (1046 = 4228 'Sirdal') (1101 = 1101 'Eigersund') (1102 = 1108 'Sandnes') (1103 = 1103 'Stavanger') (1106 = 1106 'Haugesund') (1111 = 1111 'Sokndal') (1112 = 1112 'Lund') (1114 = 1114 'Bjerkreim') (1119 = 1119 'Hå') (1120 = 1120 'Klepp') (1121 = 1121 'Time') (1122 = 1122 'Gjesdal') (1124 = 1124 'Sola') (1127 = 1127 'Randaberg') (1129 = 1108 'Sandnes') (1130 = 1130 'Strand') (1133 = 1133 'Hjelmeland') (1134 = 1134 'Suldal') (1135 = 1135 'Sauda') (1141 = 1103 'Stavanger') (1142 = 1103 'Stavanger') (1144 = 1144 'Kvitsøy') (1145 = 1145 'Bokn') (1146 = 1146 'Tysvær') (1149 = 1149 'Karmøy') (1151 = 1151 'Utsira') (1160 = 1160 'Vindafjord') (1201 = 4601 'Bergen') (1211 = 4611 'Etne') (1216 = 4612 'Sveio') (1219 = 4613 'Bømlo') (1221 = 4614 'Stord') (1222 = 4615 'Fitjar') (1223 = 4616 'Tysnes') (1224 = 4617 'Kvinnherad') (1227 = 4618 'Ullensvang') (1228 = 4618 'Ullensvang') (1231 = 4618 'Ullensvang') (1232 = 4619 'Eidfjord') (1233 = 4620 'Ulvik') (1234 = 4621 'Voss') (1235 = 4621 'Voss') (1238 = 4622 'Kvam') (1241 = 4624 'Bjørnafjorden') (1242 = 4623 'Samnanger') (1243 = 4624 'Bjørnafjorden') (1244 = 4625 'Austevoll') (1245 = 4626 'Øygarden') (1246 = 4626 'Øygarden') (1247 = 4627 'Askøy') (1251 = 4628 'Vaksdal') (1252 = 4629 'Modalen') (1253 = 4630 'Osterøy') (1256 = 4631 'Alver') (1259 = 4626 'Øygarden') (1260 = 4631 'Alver') (1263 = 4631 'Alver') (1264 = 4632 'Austrheim') (1265 = 4633 'Fedje') (1266 = 4634 'Masfjorden') (1401 = 4602 'Kinn') (1411 = 4635 'Gulen') (1412 = 4636 'Solund') (1413 = 4637 'Hyllestad') (1416 = 4638 'Høyanger') (1417 = 4639 'Vik') (1418 = 4640 'Sogndal') (1419 = 4640 'Sogndal') (1420 = 4640 'Sogndal') (1421 = 4641 'Aurland') (1422 = 4642 'Lærdal') (1424 = 4643 'Årdal') (1426 = 4644 'Luster') (1428 = 4645 'Askvoll') (1429 = 4646 'Fjaler') (1430 = 4647 'Sunnfjord') (1431 = 4647 'Sunnfjord') (1432 = 4647 'Sunnfjord') (1433 = 4647 'Sunnfjord') (1438 = 4648 'Bremanger') (1439 = 4602 'Kinn') (1441 = 4649 'Stad') (1443 = 4649 'Stad') (1444 = 1577 'Volda') (1445 = 4650 'Gloppen') (1449 = 4651 'Stryn') (1502 = 1506 'Molde') (1504 = 1507 'Ålesund') (1505 = 1505 'Kristiansund') (1511 = 1511 'Vanylven') (1514 = 1514 'Sande') (1515 = 1515 'Herøy') (1516 = 1516 'Ulstein') (1517 = 1517 'Hareid') (1519 = 1577 'Volda') (1520 = 1520 'Ørsta') (1523 = 1507 'Ålesund') (1524 = 1578 'Fjord') (1525 = 1525 'Stranda') (1526 = 1578 'Fjord') (1528 = 1528 'Sykkylven') (1529 = 1507 'Ålesund') (1531 = 1531 'Sula') (1532 = 1532 'Giske') (1534 = 1507 'Ålesund') (1535 = 1535 'Vestnes') (1539 = 1539 'Rauma') (1543 = 1506 'Molde') (1545 = 1506 'Molde') (1546 = 1507 'Ålesund') (1547 = 1547 'Aukra') (1548 = 1579 'Hustadvika') (1551 = 1579 'Hustadvika') (1554 = 1554 'Averøy') (1557 = 1557 'Gjemnes') (1560 = 1560 'Tingvoll') (1563 = 1563 'Sunndal') (1566 = 1566 'Surnadal') (1571 = 5055 'Heim') (1573 = 1573 'Smøla') (1576 = 1576 'Aure') (1804 = 1804 'Bodø') (1805 = 1806 'Narvik') (1811 = 1811 'Bindal') (1812 = 1812 'Sømna') (1813 = 1813 'Brønnøy') (1815 = 1815 'Vega') (1816 = 1816 'Vevelstad') (1818 = 1818 'Herøy') (1820 = 1820 'Alstahaug') (1822 = 1822 'Leirfjord') (1824 = 1824 'Vefsn') (1825 = 1825 'Grane') (1826 = 1826 'Hattfjelldal') (1827 = 1827 'Dønna') (1828 = 1828 'Nesna') (1832 = 1832 'Hemnes') (1833 = 1833 'Rana') (1834 = 1834 'Lurøy') (1835 = 1835 'Træna') (1836 = 1836 'Rødøy') (1837 = 1837 'Meløy') (1838 = 1838 'Gildeskål') (1839 = 1839 'Beiarn') (1840 = 1840 'Saltdal') (1841 = 1841 'Fauske') (1845 = 1845 'Sørfold') (1848 = 1848 'Steigen') (1849 = 1875 'Hamarøy') (1850 = 1806 'Narvik') (1850 = 1875 'Hamarøy') (1851 = 1851 'Lødingen') (1852 = 5412 'Tjeldsund') (1853 = 1853 'Evenes') (1854 = 1806 'Narvik') (1856 = 1856 'Røst') (1857 = 1857 'Værøy') (1859 = 1859 'Flakstad') (1860 = 1860 'Vestvågøy') (1865 = 1865 'Vågan') (1866 = 1866 'Hadsel') (1867 = 1867 'Bø') (1868 = 1868 'Øksnes') (1870 = 1870 'Sortland') (1871 = 1871 'Andøy') (1874 = 1874 'Moskenes') (1902 = 5401 'Tromsø') (1903 = 5402 'Harstad') (1911 = 5411 'Kvæfjord') (1913 = 5412 'Tjeldsund') (1917 = 5413 'Ibestad') (1919 = 5414 'Gratangen') (1920 = 5415 'Lavangen') (1922 = 5416 'Bardu') (1923 = 5417 'Salangen') (1924 = 5418 'Målselv') (1925 = 5419 'Sørreisa') (1926 = 5420 'Dyrøy') (1927 = 5421 'Senja') (1928 = 5421 'Senja') (1929 = 5421 'Senja') (1931 = 5421 'Senja') (1933 = 5422 'Balsfjord') (1936 = 5423 'Karlsøy') (1938 = 5424 'Lyngen') (1939 = 5425 'Storfjord') (1940 = 5426 'Kåfjord') (1941 = 5427 'Skjervøy') (1942 = 5428 'Nordreisa') (1943 = 5429 'Kvænangen') (2002 = 5404 'Vardø') (2003 = 5405 'Vadsø') (2004 = 5406 'Hammerfest') (2011 = 5430 'Kautokeino') (2012 = 5403 'Alta') (2014 = 5432 'Loppa') (2015 = 5433 'Hasvik') (2017 = 5406 'Hammerfest') (2018 = 5434 'Måsøy') (2019 = 5435 'Nordkapp') (2020 = 5436 'Porsanger') (2021 = 5437 'Karasjok') (2022 = 5438 'Lebesby') (2023 = 5439 'Gamvik') (2024 = 5440 'Berlevåg') (2025 = 5441 'Tana') (2027 = 5442 'Nesseby') (2028 = 5443 'Båtsfjord') (2030 = 5444 'Sør-Varanger') (5001 = 5001 'Trondheim') (5004 = 5006 'Steinkjer') (5005 = 5007 'Namsos') (5011 = 5055 'Heim') (5012 = 5055 'Heim') (5012 = 5056 'Hitra') (5012 = 5059 'Orkland') (5013 = 5056 'Hitra') (5014 = 5014 'Frøya') (5015 = 5057 'Ørland') (5016 = 5059 'Orkland') 

recode municipality19_20standard (5017 = 5057 'Ørland') (5018 = 5058 'Åfjord') (5019 = 5058 'Åfjord') (5020 = 5020 'Osen') (5021 = 5021 'Oppdal') (5022 = 5022 'Rennebu') (5023 = 5059 'Orkland') (5024 = 5059 'Orkland') (5025 = 5025 'Røros') (5026 = 5026 'Holtålen') (5027 = 5027 'Midtre Gauldal') (5028 = 5028 'Melhus') (5029 = 5029 'Skaun') (5030 = 5001 'Trondheim') (5031 = 5031 'Malvik') (5032 = 5032 'Selbu') (5033 = 5033 'Tydal') (5034 = 5034 'Meråker') (5035 = 5035 'Stjørdal') (5036 = 5036 'Frosta') (5037 = 5037 'Levanger') (5038 = 5038 'Verdal') (5039 = 5006 'Steinkjer') (5040 = 5007 'Namsos') (5041 = 5041 'Snåsa') (5042 = 5042 'Lierne') (5043 = 5043 'Røyrvik') (5044 = 5044 'Namsskogan') (5045 = 5045 'Grong') (5046 = 5046 'Høylandet') (5047 = 5047 'Overhalla') (5048 = 5007 'Namsos') (5049 = 5049 'Flatanger') (5050 = 5060 'Nærøysund') (5051 = 5060 'Nærøysund') (5052 = 5052 'Leka') (5053 = 5053 'Inderøy') (5054 = 5054 'Indre Fosen') (5061 = 5061 'Rindal')

//Run a table to see if the recoding to 2020 municipality division looks correct
tabulate municipality19_20standard, missing

//Create county codes for resident municipalities as of 1/1 2019 that match the municipality standard for 2020
generate county19_20standard = substr(string(municipality19_20standard),1,2) 
replace county19_20standard = '03' if municipality19_20standard == 301

assign-labels county19_20standard county20lbl


//Checking that the recoding has gone correctly:

//Overview of residential counties as of 1/1 2019 with recoded division according to 2020 municipality division 
tabulate county19_20standard

//Overview of residential counties as of 1/1 2019 with recoded division crossed against residential counties measured as of 1/1 2020 (shows figures for residential counties that are consistent over the two years -> can follow migration patterns between counties from 2019 to 2020)
tabulate county19_20standard county20

//Overview of residential counties as of 1/1 2019 with recoded division crossed against residential counties coded according to current 2019 municipality division (shows a kind of transition matrix)
tabulate county19_20standard county19